ANTIBIOTICS - AMOXICILLIN (other topics)
Amoxicillin, an antibiotic drug used to treat infection. It has many uses, including the treatment of respiratory, ear, and skin infections, as well as urinary or genital infections and gonorrhea. Amoxicillin works by preventing invading bacteria from multiplying in the body.
Amoxicillin must be prescribed by a doctor. It is available in tablets, capsules, and liquid form, all of which are taken orally. The typical adult dose is 259 mg taken every eight hours with or without food. Larger doses are prescribed for certain infections, such as gonorrhea. Dosages for children are determined by body weight, although children over 20 kg (44 lb) can take adult dosages. The drug starts to work within one to two hours of treatment. Because some infections can reappear in more harmful forms if not completely eliminated, this drug should be taken for the full length of time prescribed by a doctor, even after symptoms disappear.
Amoxicillin should not be used by patients who are allergic to penicillin antibiotics. It also may interfere with routine tests used to monitor diabetes. Patients with asthma, colitis, diabetes, allergies (such as hay fever or hives), liver disease, or kidney disease should advise their doctor of these conditions before taking this drug, in order to determine whether the benefits of amoxicillin exceed any potential risk. This is also true for pregnant or nursing women.
Side effects of amoxicillin include anemia, anxiety or hyperactivity, confusion, diarrhea, dizziness, hives, insomnia, nausea, skin rash, or vomiting. Indications of an allergic reaction to amoxicillin may include fever, itching, joint pain, swollen lymph nodes, skin rash, genital sores, or bruising. Amoxicillin interacts negatively with several common prescription drugs; a doctor’s approval should be obtained before taking amoxicillin with other prescriptions.
What is this medicine used for? This medicine is used to prevent or treat a variety of bacterial infections.
How does it work? Amoxicillin works to injure the bacteria and fight the infection.
How is it best taken? To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses. Use prescription as directed, even if feeling better. Take this medicine with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach. Chewable tablet: Chew or crush well. Mix crushed tablet with food. Do not swallow whole. Tablet for suspension: Mix tablet in 2 teaspoonfuls of water. Do not chew or swallow whole. A liquid (suspension) is available if you cannot swallow pills. Shake well before use. Those who have feeding tubes can also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after medicine is given. May crush tablet, dissolve in water, and mix with chocolate milk, milk, or pudding.
What do I do if I miss a dose? (does not apply to patients in the hospital) Take a missed dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your regular schedule. Do not take a double dose or extra doses. Do not change dose or stop medicine. Talk with healthcare provider.
What are the precautions when taking this medicine? If you have kidney disease, talk with healthcare provider. If you have PKU, talk with healthcare provider. Some products do contain phenylalanine. Check medicines with healthcare provider. This medicine may not mix well with other medicines. Avoid alcohol (includes wine, beer, and liquor). Tell healthcare provider if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. Tell healthcare provider if you are breast-feeding.
What are some possible side effects of this medicine? Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help. Diarrhea. Yogurt, Bifidobacterium bifidum, or Lactobacillus acidophilus may help. These products are available at health food stores or in some pharmacies. For females, vaginal yeast infection. Report itching or discharge.
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